step.inputs

inputs are the data files that are available during step execution.

An input in inputs has three potential properties:

  • name: The input name; this is shown on the user interface and names the directory where the input files will be placed during execution like /valohai/inputs/my-input-name.
  • default: (optional) The default source where the input will be fetched from. If not defined, the user has to define the source at the start of the execution.
  • optional: (optional) Marks that this input is optional and an URL definition is not necessary before execution of the step.

Currently valid sources for inputs are HTTP, HTTPS and various cloud provider specific data stores such as AWS S3 (s3://...) and Azure Storage (azure://...).

See also

Read more about custom data stores from Data Stores documentation page.

For these HTTP/S endpoints basic access authentication is supported, but for the cloud provider stores, the access credentials must be configured under project settings.

During the step execution, inputs are available under /valohai/inputs/<input name>/<input file>. To see this in action, try running ls -la /valohai/inputs/ as the main command of execution which has inputs.

Tip

You can download any files you want during the execution with e.g. Python libraries or command-line tools but then your executions become slower as it circumvents our input file caching system.

When you specify the actual input or default for one, you have 3 options:

Option #1: Custom Store URL

You can connect private data stores to Valohai projects.

If you connect a store that contains files that Valohai doesn’t know about, like the files that you have uploaded there yourself, you can use the following syntax to refer to the files.

  • Azure Blob Storage: azure://{account_name}/{container_name}/{blob_name}
  • Google Storage: gs://{bucket}/{key}
  • Amazon S3: s3://{bucket}/{key}
  • OpenStack Swift: swift://{project}/{container}/{key}

This syntax also has supports wildcard syntax to download multiple files:

  • s3://my-bucket/dataset/images/*.jpg for all .jpg (JPEG) files
  • s3://my-bucket/dataset/image-sets/**.jpg for recursing subdirectories for all .jpg (JPEG) files

Option #2: Datum URI

You can use the datum://<identifier> syntax to refer to specific files Valohai platform already knows about.

Files will have a datum URL if the files were uploaded to Valohai either:

  1. as outputs from another execution
  2. or using the Valohai web interface uploader under “Data” tab of the project

You can find the datum URL by clicking the “datum://” button under “Data” tab of the project.

Where to find datum URL with identifier.

Option #3: Public HTTP(S) URL

If your dataset is public and available through an HTTP(S) address, you can use that.